Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is defined as a sudden onset of paralysis/weakness in any part of the body of a child less than 15 years of age.
This syndromic reporting strategy, of investigating all AFP cases rather than just “suspected poliomyelitis”, serves many purposes. First, AFP surveillance substantially increases the sensitivity of the surveillance system and allows it to detect paralytic poliomyelitis due to wild poliovirus transmission in the population. Secondly, AFP surveillance provides objective data with which to monitor the quality of surveillance in anindividual country or large population group. AFP Surveillance also helps to monitor progress in polio eradication when polio exists in a country as well as helps to define when polio is gone from the country or area.
Intellectual Concepts has extensive experience in AFP Surveillance—the global gold standard for detecting cases of polio. Working with our partners, we find and report children with AFP, and put plans in place to ensure that samples are transported properly for analysis.